SOS Villaggi dei Bambini in Ungheria

Informazioni sul Paese

Children in our care are given the chance to play again (photo: photo:M. Mägi)

Capitale: Budapest 
Area: 93.000 kmq
Popolazione: 10.1 milioni 
Etnie: Ungherese 90%, Latina 5%
Lingua ufficiale: Ungherese 
Religioni: Cattolica 68%, Riformista 21%, Evangelica 6% 
Valuta: forint

 

 

Intervento

Nel 1980 l'Ungheria dimostra interesse nella costruzione di un Villaggio SOS. Non c'è però copertura economica dal ministero pertinente. 

Solo nel 1983, in seguito ad incontri con il Ministro degli Esteri, Frigyes Puja, e con il Ministro degi Affari Culturali, Béla Köpeczi, nasce SOS Villaggi dei Bambini in Ungheria. 

Nell'ottobre dello stesso anno inizia la costruzione del Villaggio SOS a Bttonya,  piccola cittadina vicino al confine rumeno. Il Villaggio è attivo dal 1986. 

Nel 1990 nace il secondo Villaggio SOS a Kecskemet e, pochi anni dopo, diventa operativo anche il terzo Villaggio SOS a Koszeg. Nel novembre del 1994 apre la prima Casa del Giovane a Szeged, una grande città vicino al confine con la ex Jugoslavia.

Altre due case del giovane nascono poco dopo: una a Békéscsaba, vicino alla città di Battonya e l'altra a Lajosmizse.  Nel 2002 SOS compra una casa a Szombathely da destinare ad un'altra casa del giovane.

Poiché l'esigenza di accoglienza dei bambini è molto alta soprattutto nelle zone povere vicino al confine rumeno, SOS Villaggi dei Bambini dell'Ungheria ha deciso di allargare il Villaggio SOS di Battonya cone 2 nuove case famiglia e un centro di sviluppo del bambino.

Attualmente in Ungheria ci sono 3 Villaggi SOS, 4 Case dei Giovani SOS, 1 Asilo SOS e 1 Centro di Sviluppo Sociale SOS.

 

GENERAL INFORMATION ON HUNGARY

SOS Children’s Villages has been working in Hungary since the 1980s. The work of SOS Children’s Villages has continued to grow due to the increasing number of vulnerable children in the country.

Hungarians have experienced many changes in the past decades
Children in our care are given the chance to play again (photo: photo:M. Mägi )
The Republic of Hungary lies in central Europe; the capital city is Budapest with approximately 1.7 million inhabitants. The population is around ten million (July 2011 est.), of which 90 per cent is Hungarian and five per cent is Roma and Sinti. Children under the age of 14 account for 15 per cent of the population.  
Hungary became independent from the Soviet Union in the late 1980s and in the spring of 1990, the first free elections were held. Hungary joined NATO in 1999 and, became a member of the European Union in 2004.

High unemployment rate and low life expectancy
The move to a free market economy brought a fall in living standards for most Hungarians. In addition, many social welfare programmes were cut. In a country with high unemployment - estimated to be at more than eleven per cent (2012 est.) - and where around 14 per cent of the population lives below the nationally-defined poverty line, the loss of social welfare programmes has had a devastating effect on many families . The economic crisis of 2008-2010 made matters even worse. By 2011, however, the economy seemed to be improving but the government debt was high. As a result, reform measures continued to be implemented in areas that are likely to further affect those struggling to make ends meet.
Most Hungarians work in the service industry. Tourism is an important source of income; Hungary attracts over ten million tourists a year. Around a third of the working population is employed in industry and about five per cent works in agriculture.
Hungary has one of the lowest life expectancies of the European Union. Cardiovascular diseases cause most deaths. The health service has undergone reform since 1990, but corruption still exists within the system.
The Roma and Sinti minorities have been particularly affected by the economic and social changes of the recent decades. According to human rights organisations, Roma continue to face discrimination in fields such as employment, education and housing. The government has taken measures, but there is still a long way to go. For example, people from these minorities have a lower life expectancy than ethnic Hungarians. In addition, Roma children are more likely to drop out of secondary school; just 13 per cent complete secondary education and this affects their future employment possibilities. 

Poverty and lack of future employment for children and young people
Young boy working on the computer (photo: M. Mägi)
The social, political and economic changes of the late 1980s and early 1990s also led to changes in the lives of children. Around a fifth of children are poor: a high percentage of these come from Roma and Sinti backgrounds. In addition, youth unemployment is high - around 26 per cent have no job.
The Hungarian government has approved legislation to improve the life of children, but there is a lack of resources and qualified professionals to carry through these reforms. Reports from local agencies conclude that vulnerable families are not given enough economic or psychological support to care for their children.
The government has taken measures to protect the rights of children who are taken into care. For example, it has built modern small-scale homes which are closer to the families of origin. However, children with disabilities who are taken into care are still placed in big institutions.

SOS Children's Villages in Hungary
SOS Children's Villages has responded to the needs of children, young people and families in three locations in Hungary. The social centres work with the local communities and agencies to support children and their families so that the children can grow up within a caring family environment. When children can no longer live with their families, SOS mothers can care for them in loving homes. SOS Children's Villages also provides support and semi-independent housing for young people.